Allopurinol: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Composition & More - Zoylo
INFORMATION ABOUT ALLOPURINOL
ALLOPURINOL belongs to a group of medicines called xanthine oxidase inhibitors. ALLOPURINOL is used to lower the amount of uric acid production in the body.
• Skin rash
• Allergic reactions
• High TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) levels
It is not necessary for all people to experience the above side-effects.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR ALLOPURINOL
• Take ALLOPURINOL with food daily at same time for best result.
• Your doctor will advise you to get blood tests done before and during the treatment to monitor uric acid levels and check liver and kidneys functioning.
• ALLOPURINOL is not given during gout attack, it has to be given after the attack has subsided because ALLOPURINOL may worsen the gout attack.
• A low fat and high fibre diet are highly recommended to enhance and compliment treatment with ALLOPURINOL because fibres decrease uric acid levels.
• Check with your doctor before taking any other medicines with ALLOPURINOL.
• Inform your doctor if you have high blood pressure, thyroid problems and kidneys or liver problems.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Q. How does ALLOPURINOL work? A. ALLOPURINOL inhibits natural substance (xanthine oxidase which produce uric acid) activity and decrease uric acid levels in blood and thereby prevents gout attacks, kidney stones, enzyme disorders and some types of cancer caused by high uric acid levels in the body.
Q. Does ALLOPURINOL cause liver problem? Yes, ALLOPURINOL may reduce liver functioning and cause liver problem. Consult your doctor immediately if you or your child have stomach pain, dark urine, pale stools, nausea, loss of appetite, unusual weakness or yellow eyes/skin as they could be the symptoms of liver problem.
Q. What other precautions can be taken to compliment treatment with ALLOPURINOL? A. You are recommended to drink plenty of water with ALLOPURINOL because it will help you urinate (flush out uric acid) more and prevent uric acid crystals formation thereby treats gout, kidney stones, enzyme disorders and some types of cancer caused by high uric acid levels in the body.
Q. Can I stop ALLOPURINOL on my own? A. No, you are advised to take ALLOPURINOL as long as your doctor has asked you to take it. This is because ALLOPURINOL when stopped in the midway can lead to rise in uric acid levels. Even if your symptoms improve before the medicine course is complete, do not stop or skip ALLOPURINOL as it may also increase your risk of side effects or symptoms may worsen due to new urate crystals formation.
Q. Is ALLOPURINOL safe to children? A. Yes, but it is given to treat some types of cancer such as leukaemia and enzyme disorders like Lesch-Nyhan syndrome in children.
Q. Which medications I should not take along with ALLOPURINOL? A. Some medicines may reduce the effect of ALLOPURINOL or interact with ALLOPURINOL or cause serious side effects when given both at same time such as antibiotics, anticoagulants, antiepileptics, immunosuppressants, diuretics, uricosurics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, etc. So, always inform and check with your doctor before taking ALLOPURINOL with other medication.